Cannabis has a range of medical uses and different strains are better for certain conditions than others. Below you will find some general information that will help you choose the most appropriate cannabis product for you.
High-CBD strains tend to deliver very clear-headed, functional effects without the euphoric high associated with high-THC strains.These strains are ideal for patients who are extremely sensitive to the side effects of THD, which can include anxiety, paranoia, and dizziness. This is most commonly used for patients to medicate throughout the day to control pain, inflammation, anxiety, or other chronic conditions.
Sativa is a primary marijuana strain that binds to CB1 and CB2 receptors and is known to be energizing and cerebral. Sativa strains are ideal for activities during the daytime that require physical activity or a high level of social interaction. In terms of effects, sativa strains provide a high for your mind, jumpstarting creativity, focus and mental energy. Sativa is commonly used for depression, pain relief, and muscle relaxation.
Hybrids are a primary marijuana strain type that live between indicas and sativas. Hybrid strains are classified by their ability to produce a unique balance of indica and sativa effects. Hybrids can be both energizing and relaxing, depending on their specific strain lineage.
Indica is a primary marijuana strain type known to be calming and relaxing. They have a higher affinity to CB2 receptors and are ideal for activities during the evening that require little to no physical activity or social interaction. In terms of effects, indica strains provide a high for your mind and body, creating a sedated and sleepy state of mind. Indica is commonly used for sleeping disorders, anxiety, pain, and muscle relaxation.
The medical use of cannabis has been around for thousands of years. There are certain chemicals in cannabis, primarily Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), that help treat certain diseases or conditions. Below are just a few health benefits of cannabis. Talk with your doctor or our staff to find the most appropriate strain and type of cannabis for your condition.
- THC (delta-nine tetrahydrocannabinol): primarily responsible for psychoactive effects, may be effective in treating pain disorders, tumors, and nausea
- CBD (cannabidiol): no psychoactive effects, calming. May be used for treating epilepsy/seizure disorders, nerve pain, chronic pain, anxiety, inflammatory diseases, dystonia
- CBN (cannabinol): mild psychoactive effects. May be used to treat nausea or seizure disorders
- CBG (cannabigerol): More common in hemp. Has antibacterial and anti-tumor properties. Reduces intra-ocular pressure in patient with glaucoma.
- Cannabichromene (CBC): Second most common cannabinoid after THC, no psychoactive effects. May be used to treat pain, cancer, depression/anxiety. Also has antibacterial and antifungal properties.
- Onset: Rapid onset (seconds-30 minutes)
- Duration: 2-3 hours
- Bioavailability: up to 56%
- Onset: 30 minutes – 2 hours
- Duration: 5-8 hours
- Bioavailability: 4-20%
- Onset: 15-40 minutes
- Duration: 45 minutes – 2 hours
- Bioavailability: similar and/or higher to oral ingestion
- Oral administration has higher inter- or intra-patient variability in onset and effect
- Onset: variable
- Duration: variable
- Bioavailability: variable; less systemic absorption and primarily localized effects
General side effects of cannabis: Somnolence, headaches, dry mouth, hypotension, tachycardia/bradycardia, palpitations, sedation, difficulty concentrating, dizziness, changes in mood, altered senses
- Smoking/Vaporizing cannabis: coughing, increased risk of lung/respiratory infections or diseases, increased sputum production or purulence, conjunctival irritation. Topical or oral administration may be preferred to reduce of these side effects.
- Oral administration: Cannabis users may be unaware of the amount of cannabis they may have ingested using edible formulations. The most common adverse effect/downside to oral administration is the higher risk for overdose due to delayed onset, ease of use/administration, and variability in potency between products. This can be avoided with careful selection of products and proper patient counseling.
- Short-term use: Impaired short-term memory, impaired motor coordination, altered judgement, paranoia, changing is mood
- Long-term use: Addiction (9%), cognitive impairment, brain development (mostly observed in adolescents)
- Adverse effects at high doses: agitation, confusion, sedation, psychosis, hallucinations
Drug-interactions (not all-inclusive):
- May decrease the the pharmacological effect of: theophylline, clozapine, chlorpromazine
- May increase the pharmacological effect of: macolides, calcium channel blockers, antihistamines, haloperidol, sildenafil, SSRIs, TCAs, tacrolimus
- May have an additive effect when administered with cannabis: opioids, anxiolytics
Missouri Poison Control: (800) 222-1222
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